Ntaganda, a Rwandan Tutsi formerly of the Rwandan Patriotic Army, was chief of military operations for the Union of Congolese Patriots (see first slide) from the late 1990s until 2006, when he became military chief of staff of a different militant group, the National Congress for the Defense of the People. Ntaganda, who is known as "The Terminator," has been wanted by the International Criminal Court since 2006 for crimes committed while a commander in the armed wing of the UPC.
According to Human Rights Watch, the ICC has charged Ntaganda with using child soldiers in 2002 and 2003, and notes that he “was involved in numerous massacres and other serious human rights abuses." In 2002, UPC soldiers under Ntaganda’s command "went house-to-house killing Lendu and Ngiti civilians with firearms, machetes, or spears." These days, Ntaganda is a general in the FARDC while former CNDP forces under his command control much of eastern Congo. He lives in Goma and enjoys playing tennis. —Carol Jean Gallo
Photo via Human Rights Watch